Terms

As a karate student, there are some Japanese words and phrases that you will need to learn. Here are some of them.

General Dojo Terms
arigato Thank you
dojo Place of training and learning
gi Karate uniform
hajime Begin
karate "Empty Hand"
karatedo "The Way of Karate" - The physical aspect of Karate, but also the mental and social aspsects.
kumite Sparring
sempai Senior Student
sensei Instructor
yame Stop

 

Physical Terms

chudan Below the body / torso / shoulders
dachi Stance
gedan Lower
jodan Head Height
geri Kick
maegeri Front Kick
mawashigeri Roundhouse Kick
neko ashi dachi Cat Stance
kiba dachi Horse Stance
shuto Knife Hand
uraken Back Fist
ushirogeri Back Kick
waza Technique
yokogeri Side Kick
zuki Punch

 

Term Pronunciation Explanation
Kata Names and Terms
Kata kah-tah Form/Shape/Pattern
Bunkai bunk-eye To Discuss (application of a kata)
Densho den-shoh Legend, Story
Juni Ippo Kata joo-nee ee-poh kah-tah 12 Point form
Pinan Shodan pin-ahn sho-dahn 1st level peaceful mind
Pinan Nidan pin-ahn nee-dahn 2nd level peaceful mind
1st Kempo Kata 1st kehm-poh kah-tah 1st fist law form
2nd Kempo Kata 2nd kehm-poh kah-tah 2nd fist law form
Naihanchi nay-hahn-chee Iron Horse Pattern
Pinan Sandan pin-ahn sahn-dahn 3rd level peaceful mind
Pinan Yondan pin-ahn yon-dahn 4th level peaceful mind
Pinan Godan pin-ahn go-dahn 5th level peaceful mind
Circle of the Tiger circle of the tiger Circle of the Tiger
Bassai Dai bahs-seye deye To Penetrate/storm the fortress

 

Number Japanese Pronounced
Counting
1 ichi eech
2 ni nee
3 san sahn
4 shi shee
5 go go
6 roku roh-koo
7 shichi sheech
8 hachi hach
9 ku ku
10 ju ju